Dangerous/Menacing & Restricted Dogs

1. Overview

The Companion Animals legislation incorporates control provisions for restricted dogs and dogs that are declared as dangerous including penalties for non compliance. The following information outlines those responsibilities for owners of restricted and dangerous dogs.

From January 2006, changes to the Companion Animals legislation means there are now increased control provisions for restricted and declared dangerous dogs and higher penalties for non compliance. The following information outlines those responsibilities under the Companion Animals Act 1998 and the Companion Animals Regulation 1999.

Along with greater responsibilities for owners of restricted and dangerous dogs, council now has a general duty under the Act to take such steps as are necessary to ensure they are aware of the existence of all dangerous and restricted dogs that are kept in their areas.

Officers authorised under the Act now have increased powers to seize a restricted or dangerous dog if the officer is satisfied that any of the control requirements have not been complied with in relation to the dog. Council law enforcement officers (Rangers) and police apply these requirements.

The registered owner of a dog in New South Wales must be over 18 years of age.


Owners of restricted and dangerous dogs must notify the council in the area where the dog is ordinarily kept within 24 hours if:

•The dog has attacked or injured a person or animal.

•The animal cannot be found.

•The animal has died.

•Ownership or owner details of a dangerous dog change.

•The dog is being kept at a different address in the area of the council.

•The dog is being kept outside the council area.


2. Dangerous/Menacing Dogs 

A dog is 'dangerous' if it has, without provocation, attacked or killed a person or animal, or, repeatedly threatened to attack or repeatedly chased a person or animal. (see Section 33 of the Companion Animals Act).

'Dangerous dogs' in NSW are dogs that are the subject of a declaration under the Act by a council or a court that the dog is considered dangerous.

Council must have given notice to the owner of a dog of the council's intention to declare the dog to be dangerous.


3. Restricted Dog Breeds 

It is an offence in New South Wales to sell, acquire or breed dogs on the restricted dog list.

Restricted dogs in NSW are the same as those currently on the prohibited list of importations into Australia. However changes to the legislation also include offspring of restricted dogs on the list, as follows:

  • American Pitbull terrier or Pitbull Terrier
  • Japanese Tosa
  • Dogo Argentino (Argentinean fighting dog)
  • Fila Brasileiro (Brazilian fighting dog)

Any dog declared by a council under Division 6 of the Act to be a restricted dog**

Any other dog of a breed kind, or description prescribed by the Regulation for the purposes of this section

**This means any dog where the council is of the opinion that a dog is of a breed or kind of dog on the restricted dog list or a cross-breed of any such breed or kind of dog.


4. Council Declared Restricted Dogs

If a council issues a dog owner with a 'Notice of Intention to Declare a Dog to be a Restricted Dog' under Division 6, the owner has 28 days in which to complete the process where they may elect to have the dog's breed and temperament assessed.

Enclosure requirements for restricted and dangerous dogs as prescribed by the regulations


The Companion Animals Act requires the enclosure: 

  • to be fully enclosed, constructed and maintained so that the dog cannot escape under, over or through the enclosure
  • to be constructed so that a person cannot have access to it without the assistance of an occupier of the property who is above the age of 16 years
  • to be designed to prevent children from having access to the enclosure
  • not be located on the property in such a way that people are required to pass through the enclosure to gain access to other parts of the property
  • to have a minimum height and width of 1.8 m
  • to have an area of not less than 10 square metres for each dangerous or restricted dog kept on the property
  • to have walls that are fixed to the floor and constructed to be no more than 50 mm from the floor
  • to have walls, a fixed covering and a gate that are constructed of brick, timber, iron or similar solid materials,or chain mesh manufactured from at least 3.15 mm wire or weldmesh manufactured from at least   4 mm wire with a maximum mesh spacing of 50 mm, or a combination
  • have a floor that is constructed of sealed concrete and graded to fall to a drain for the removal of effluent
  • provide a weatherproof sleeping area. 

Owners of restricted dogs and those dogs declared dangerous are to comply with the prescribed enclosure requirements within 3 months from the relevant date or the date of the declaration.